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Mol Reprod Dev. 2001 Apr;58(4):376-83.

Mouse cloning with nucleus donor cells of different age and type.

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Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology, University of Hawaii, School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.


We have tested different cell types as sources for nucleus donors to determine differences in cloning efficiency. When donor nuclei were isolated from cumulus cells and injected into recipient oocytes from adult hybrid mice (B6D2F1 and B6C3F1), the success rate of cloning was 1.5-1.9%. When cumulus cell donor nuclei were isolated from adult inbred mice (C57BL/6, C3H/He, DBA/2, 129/SvJ, and 129/SvEvTac), reconstructed oocytes did not develop to full term or resulted in a very low success rate (0-0.3%) with the exception of 129 strains which yielded 0.7-1.4% live young. When fetal (13.5-15.5 dpc), ovarian, and testicular cells were used as nucleus donors, 2.2 and 1.0% of reconstructed oocytes developed into live offspring, respectively. When various types of adult somatic cells (fibroblasts, thymocytes, spleen cells, and macrophages) were used, oocytes receiving thymocyte nuclei never developed beyond implantation, whereas those receiving the nuclei of other cell types did. These results indicate that adult somatic cells are not necessarily inferior to younger cells (fetal and ES cells) in the context of mouse cloning. Although fetal cells are believed to have less genetic damage than adult somatic cells, the success rate of cloning using any cell types were very low. This may largely be due to technical problems and/or problems of genomic reprogramming by oocytes rather than the accumulation of mutational damage in adult somatic cells.

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