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J Med Virol. 2001 Apr;63(4):305-10.

Age- and dose-interval-dependent antibody responses to inactivated poliovirus vaccine.

Author information

1
Department of Virology, National Public Health Institute (KTL), Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Antibody responses were studied in five groups of children immunized with different three-dose schedules of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). The age of the child at the first dose (1-4 months) and the interval between the first and second doses (2-4 months) influenced the initial responses in a serotype-dependent manner. All the groups attained sufficient antibody level after three doses but the third dose given at 18 months resulted in higher persisting antibody levels than that given at 12 months. The highest persisting antibody titers against PV1 and PV2 (but not against PV3) at the age of 3 years were measured in the control group immunized with the current schedule (P < 0.001) in which the first dose is given at 6 months. The level of maternal antibodies present at the time of the first dose correlated negatively with the antibody titers as late as at 3 years of age. It is concluded that three doses of IPV given in widely variable schedules may result in satisfactory immune responses in children but, for optimal results, very early onset of the program and short dosage intervals should be avoided.

PMID:
11241462
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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