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Nephron. 1975;14(1):81-7.

Intrinsic renal disease leading to abnormal urate excretion.


Since approximately two thirds of daily urate production is normally excreted by the kidney, intrinsic renal disease resulting in abnormalities of urate excretion may have a profound effect upon urate homeostasis. Alterations in the pattern of urate excretion encountered in chronic renal failure are reviewed in depth, with a description of adaptive mechanisms for urate excretion which develop in residual nephrons, as exemplified by the remaining normal kidney of transplant donors. In addition, abnormalities in urate excretion in the presence of a normal complement of nephrons are described. Diminished urate excretion per nephron appears to be responsible for hyperuricemia in some patients with gout, while a variety of tubular defects resulting in excessive renal urate excretion have been documented as the basis for some cases of hypouricemia.

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