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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2001 Apr;16(2):65-72.

Production of inflammatory cytokines by human gingival fibroblasts stimulated by cell-surface preparations of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

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Department of Microbiology, Oral Health Science Center, Tokyo Dental College, 1-2-2 Masago, Mihama-ku, Chiba-City, Chiba 261-8502 Japan.


Porphyromonas gingivalis is a gram-negative rod associated with the progression of human periodontal disease. Inflammatory cytokines are believed to be the major pathological mediators in periodontal diseases. We therefore investigated the productions of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in human gingival fibroblasts treated with lipopolysaccharide, polysaccharide and outer-membrane proteins from P. gingivalis ATCC 53977. Outer-membrane protein from P. gingivalis enhanced the production of IL-6 and IL-8 from the cells of periodontium in vitro as well as lipopolysaccharide did. The IL-8 production activity of polysaccharide from P. gingivalis was higher than that of other cell-surface components. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 released from the P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide-treated human gingival fibroblasts were lower than those of the same cells treated with lipopolysaccharides from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans or Escherichia coli. Rabbit antisera against either outer-membrane protein or lipopolysaccharide inhibited the IL-6 and IL-8 production derived from human gingival fibroblasts stimulated sonicated supernatants from P. gingivalis. The present study suggests that, in addition to lipopolysaccharide, outer-membrane protein and polysaccharide of P. gingivalis are also pathological mediators in periodontal diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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