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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2000 Dec;10(6):732-9.

Complementary roles of basal ganglia and cerebellum in learning and motor control.

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Information Sciences Division, ATR International and CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika, Soraku, 619-0288, Kyoto, Japan.


The classical notion that the basal ganglia and the cerebellum are dedicated to motor control has been challenged by the accumulation of evidence revealing their involvement in non-motor, cognitive functions. From a computational viewpoint, it has been suggested that the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cerebral cortex are specialized for different types of learning: namely, supervised learning, reinforcement learning and unsupervised learning, respectively. This idea of learning-oriented specialization is helpful in understanding the complementary roles of the basal ganglia and the cerebellum in motor control and cognitive functions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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