Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Pharmacol. 2001 Mar 1;61(5):579-86.

Adrenergic stimulation of osteoclastogenesis mediated by expression of osteoclast differentiation factor in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, School of Dentistry, Aichi-Gakuin University, 464-8650, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

It is well known that adrenergic agonists efficiently activate beta-adrenoceptors on osteoblastic cells and can stimulate bone resorption in intact mouse calvaria. Recently, an osteoclastogenic factor of osteoblastic origin was found to be a novel tumor necrosis factor ligand family member and was termed osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF). Using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction approach, we investigated the effect of epinephrine on mRNA levels of ODF and its decoy receptor, osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OCIF), in MC3T3-E1 cells. Treatment with epinephrine (1 microM) rapidly increased ODF and OCIF mRNA levels, which peaked after 0.5 hr of treatment. Epinephrine (1 microM) also increased interleukin (IL)-6, IL-11, and cyclooxygenase (COX)-II mRNA levels, as well as increased prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) accumulation in the culture medium. Treatment of the cells with IL-11 (10 ng/mL) or PGE(2) (1 microM) increased ODF and OCIF mRNA levels as observed with epinephrine. However, increases in ODF and OCIF mRNA levels by epinephrine were more rapid than those by IL-11, and were not influenced by NS-398 (100 microM; an inhibitor of COX-II), suggesting a direct effect of epinephrine on ODF and OCIF mRNA expressions as well as an indirect effect mediated by IL-11 and PGE(2) production. Epinephrine-induced increases in ODF and OCIF mRNA levels were inhibited by pretreatment with timolol (1 microM; beta-antagonist) and phentolamine (1 microM; alpha-antagonist), respectively. Furthermore, the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells from mouse bone marrow cells was stimulated by isoproterenol (0.1 to 10 microM) or epinephrine (0.1 to 10 microM). The action of isoproterenol, a beta-agonist, was clearly stronger than that of epinephrine, suggesting the importance of the physiological balance between ODF and OCIF productions for osteoclastogenesis. These findings suggest that beta-adrenergic stimulation induces not only IL-6, IL-11, and PGE(2) but also ODF expression in osteoblastic cells, leading to a stimulation of osteoclastogenesis.

PMID:
11239501
DOI:
10.1016/s0006-2952(00)00591-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center