Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar;86(3):1126-33.

Insulin reduction with metformin increases luteal phase serum glycodelin and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 1 concentrations and enhances uterine vascularity and blood flow in the polycystic ovary syndrome.

Author information

1
Hospital Clinicas Caracas and Central University of Venezuela, 1050 Caracas, Venezuela.

Abstract

We hypothesized that hyperinsulinemia contributes to early pregnancy loss in the polycystic ovary syndrome by adversely affecting endometrial function and environment. Serum glycodelin, a putative biomarker of endometrial function, is decreased in women with early pregnancy loss. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 may also play an important role in pregnancy by facilitating adhesion processes at the feto-maternal interface. We studied 48 women with polycystic ovary syndrome before and after 4 weeks of administration of 500 mg metformin (n = 26) or placebo (n = 22) 3 times daily. Oral glucose tolerance tests were performed, and serum glycodelin and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 were measured during the follicular and clomiphene-induced luteal phases of menses. In the metformin group, the mean (+/-SE) area under the serum insulin curve after glucose administration decreased from 62 +/- 6 to 19 +/- 2 nmol/L.min (P < 0.001). Follicular phase serum glycodelin concentrations increased 20-fold from 150 +/- 46 to 2813 +/- 1192 pmol/L (P < 0.001), and serum insulin-like-growth factor-binding protein-1 concentrations increased from 936 +/- 152 to 2396 +/- 300 pmol/L (P < 0.001). Similarly, luteal phase serum glycodelin concentrations increased 3-fold from 3434 +/- 1299 to 10624 +/- 1803 pmol/L (P < 0.001), and serum insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 concentrations increased from 1220 +/- 136 to 4916 +/- 596 pmol/L (P < 0.001). Uterine vascular penetration also increased in the metformin group, as did blood flow of spiral arteries, as demonstrated by a 20% decrease in the resistance index from 0.71 +/- 0.02 to 0.57 +/- 0.03 (P < 0.001). These variables did not change in the placebo group. We conclude that insulin reduction with metformin increases follicular and luteal phase serum glycodelin and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 concentrations and enhances luteal phase uterine vascularity and blood flow in the polycystic ovary syndrome. These changes may reflect an improved endometrial milieu for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy.

PMID:
11238496
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.86.3.7295
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center