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Genetics. 2001 Mar;157(3):1067-75.

Analysis of the pdx-1 (snz-1/sno-1) region of the Neurospora crassa genome: correlation of pyridoxine-requiring phenotypes with mutations in two structural genes.

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Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA.


We report the analysis of a 36-kbp region of the Neurospora crassa genome, which contains homologs of two closely linked stationary phase genes, SNZ1 and SNO1, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Homologs of SNZ1 encode extremely highly conserved proteins that have been implicated in pyridoxine (vitamin B6) metabolism in the filamentous fungi Cercospora nicotianae and in Aspergillus nidulans. In N. crassa, SNZ and SNO homologs map to the region occupied by pdx-1 (pyridoxine requiring), a gene that has been known for several decades, but which was not sequenced previously. In this study, pyridoxine-requiring mutants of N. crassa were found to possess mutations that disrupt conserved regions in either the SNZ or SNO homolog. Previously, nearly all of these mutants were classified as pdx-1. However, one mutant with a disrupted SNO homolog was at one time designated pdx-2. It now appears appropriate to reserve the pdx-1 designation for the N. crassa SNZ homolog and pdx-2 for the SNO homolog. We further report annotation of the entire 36,030-bp region, which contains at least 12 protein coding genes, supporting a previous conclusion of high gene densities (12,000-13,000 total genes) for N. crassa. Among genes in this region other than SNZ and SNO homologs, there was no evidence of shared function. Four of the genes in this region appear to have been lost from the S. cerevisiae lineage.

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