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Blood. 2001 Mar 15;97(6):1534-42.

Rapid mobilization of murine hematopoietic stem cells with enhanced engraftment properties and evaluation of hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization in rhesus monkeys by a single injection of SB-251353, a specific truncated form of the human CXC chemokine GRObeta.

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Department of Molecular Virology and Host Defense, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Collegeville, PA 19426-0989, USA.


SB-251353 is an N-terminal truncated form of the human CXC chemokine GRObeta. Recombinant SB-251353 was profiled in murine and rhesus monkey peripheral blood stem cell mobilization and transplantation models. SB-251353 rapidly and transiently mobilized hematopoietic stem cells and neutrophils into the peripheral blood after a single subcutaneous injection. Transplantation of equivalent numbers of hematopoietic stem cells mobilized by SB-251353 into lethally irradiated mice resulted in faster neutrophil and platelet recovery than stem cells mobilized by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). A single injection of SB-251353 in combination with 4 days of G-CSF administration resulted in augmented stem and progenitor cell mobilization 5-fold greater than G-CSF alone. Augmented stem cell mobilization could also be demonstrated in mice when a single injection of SB-251353 was administered with only one-day treatment with G-CSF. In addition, SB-251353, when used as a single agent or in combination with G-CSF, mobilized long-term repopulating stem cells capable of hematopoietic reconstitution of lethally irradiated mice. In rhesus monkeys, a single injection of SB-251353 induced rapid increases in peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cells at a 50-fold lower dose than in mice, which indicates a shift in potency. These studies provide evidence that the use of SB-251353 alone or in combination with G-CSF mobilizes hematopoietic stem cells with long-term repopulating ability. In addition, this treatment may (1) reduce the number of apheresis sessions and/or amount of G-CSF required to collect adequate numbers of hematopoietic stem cells for successful peripheral blood cell transplantation and (2) improve hematopoietic recovery after transplantation.

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