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Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2001 Feb;21(2):99-105.

The results of spinal cord stimulation in critical limb ischaemia: a review.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Academic Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to determine which patients with unreconstructible critical limb ischaemia (CLI) might benefit from spinal cord stimulation (SCS).

METHODS:

literature review.

RESULTS:

limb salvage in patients with an intermediate transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcpO2) was not significantly higher with SCS (76%) than with conservative therapy (p=0.08). However, a limb salvage of 88% was achieved with SCS if the difference between the supine and sitting TcpO2 baseline values (DeltaTcpO2) was > or =15 mmHg. A rise in TcpO2 after trial stimulation of at least 15% resulted in a limb salvage of 77% at 18 months (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

randomised studies show no benefit of SCS over conservative therapy in patients with non-reconstructible CLI. However, data from experimental and non-randomised studies suggest this may be due to sub-optimal patient selection for SCS. Further trials are needed to identify subgroups who may benefit from SCS.

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