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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar 2;281(3):815-20.

Molecular cloning and characterization of FRAT2, encoding a positive regulator of the WNT signaling pathway.

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  • 1Genetics and Cell Biology Section, Genetics Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tsukiji 5-chome, Tokyo, Chuo-ku, 104-0045, Japan.


FRAT1 positively regulates the WNT signaling pathway by stabilizing beta-catenin through the association with glycogen synthase kinase-3beta. Here, we have cloned FRAT2 cDNAs, spanning the complete coding sequence, from a human fetal lung cDNA library. FRAT2 encoded 233 amino-acid protein, which showed 77.3% total amino-acid identity with FRAT1. FRAT2 and FRAT1 were more homologous in the acidic domain (96% identity), the proline-rich domain (92% identity), and the GSK-3beta binding domain (100% identity). The FRAT2 gene was mapped to human chromosome 10q24.1. The FRAT2 mRNA of 2.4-kb in size was relatively highly expressed in MKN45 (gastric cancer), HeLa S3 (cervical cancer), and K-562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia). Xenopus axis duplication assay revealed that the wild-type FRAT2 mRNA, but not the mutant FRAT2 mRNA lacking the acidic domain and the proline-rich domain, has the capacity to induce the secondary axis. These results indicate that FRAT2, just like FRAT1, functions as a positive regulator of the WNT signaling pathway. Thus, up-regulation of FRAT2 in human cancer might be implicated in carcinogenesis through activation of the WNT signaling pathway.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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