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J Chemother. 2001 Feb;13(1):70-81.

Efficacy of meropenem as monotherapy in the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

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Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.


We performed a prospective, open label, randomized study in intensive care unit patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) to determine the efficacy and safety of empiric intravenous (i.v.) meropenem monotherapy compared with the combination of ceftazidime plus amikacin. A total of 140 patients receiving mechanical ventilation and diagnosed with pneumonia were included in the study. Patients were randomized to receive either 1 g meropenem i.v. every 8 hours or 2 g ceftazidime i.v. every 8 hours plus 15 mg/kg amikacin daily, administered to patients with normal renal function as two daily doses. Satisfactory clinical responses (cure or improvement) were achieved at the end of treatment in 68.1% of meropenem-treated patients and 54.9% in the ceftazidime/amikacin-treated group (relative risk 1.25; 95% confidence interval >1.00, 1.55). When non-evaluable patients were excluded from the analysis, the satisfactory clinical response was 82.5% and 66.1% for the meropenem and ceftazidime/amikacin patients, respectively (p = 0.044). Logistic regression demonstrated that treatment with meropenem and both the basic traumatic and medical pathologies were significantly associated with a satisfactory response. Adverse events judged to be possibly or probably related to treatment were reported by seven (10.1%) patients in the meropenem group and by eight patients (11.3%) in the ceftazidime/amikacin group. The results of this study confirm that monotherapy with meropenem is well tolerated and provides superior efficacy to the conventional combination of ceftazidime and amikacin in combating VAP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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