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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2001 Feb;7(1):16-26.

Inflammation location, but not type, determines the increase in TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 expression and collagen deposition in IBD intestine.

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Division of Molecular Medicine, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory.



Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is frequently complicated by extracellular matrix (ECM) changes that may result in fibrosis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 mediate numerous ECM changes. Our aim was to determine whether TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 are involved in intestinal ECM collagen regulation and what impact the inflammatory infiltrate has on their expression.


TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 mRNA and protein were assessed in fibrosed Crohn's disease (CD), inflamed CD, inflamed ulcerative colitis (UC), and control intestine using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Collagen types I and III were quantified by electron immunohistochemistry.


In CD, increased TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 mRNA expression was transmural. In UC, the increase was confined to the lamina propria and submucosa. In both, distribution of TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 protein matched mRNA expression and coincided with the distribution of the inflammatory infiltrate. An increase in the collagen type III:I ratio in both CD and UC also coincided with the inflammatory infiltrate.


These findings suggest that TGF-beta1 and IGF-1 are involved in intestinal ECM remodeling in IBD, and their enhanced expression depends on the presence and location of inflammatory infiltrates rather than the type of IBD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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