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Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2001 Jan 15;113(1-2):65-8.

Serum calcium in thyroid disease.

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Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine III.


Thyroid hormones are believed to influence calcium metabolism. In the present prospective study we investigated the influence of various thryroid diseases on serum calcium levels. In addition to screening for thyroid diseases we measured serum calcium concentrations (S-Ca) in individuals who came to our outpatient service for thyroid diseases from 1992 to 1998. 13,387 persons, among them 9017 patients with thyroid diseases and 4370 persons without thyroid dysfunction, were studied. S-Ca was found to be higher in patients with hyperthyroidism (2.36 +/- 0.11 mmol/L n = 1201, p < 0.05) than in those with subclinical hyperthyroidism (2.33 +/- 0.11 mmol/L, n = 494), with euthyroid goiter (2.32 +/- 0.10 mmol/l, n = 5599), with hypothyroidism (2.31 +/- 0.11 mmol/L, 344), with subclinical hypothyroidism (2.32 +/- 0.10 mmol/L, n = 1290) and in healthy persons (2.31 +/- 0.11 mmol/L, n = 4370). 173/13,387 persons had serum calcium levels < 2.1 mmol/L, among them 31 patients with hypoparathyroidism after strumectomy (31/592) and 2 patients with primary hypoparathyroidism. 106/13,387 persons showed a S-Ca of > 2.6 mmol/L, which in 30 cases was due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Of 55 persons with S-Ca of > 2.6 mmol/L and without any other reason for hypercalcaemia, 31 were found to be in a hyperthyroid state. In conclusion, a clinically not relevant influence on S-Ca was demonstrated in patients with hyperthyroidism as compared with other thyroid diseases and individuals with no thyroid diseases. Measurement of S-Ca in every patient being referred to a thyroid outpatient department is recommended because of the frequent occurrence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism and primary hyperparathyroidism in this setting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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