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J Mol Diagn. 2000 Nov;2(4):209-16.

Severe chromosomal aberrations in pleural mesotheliomas with unusual mesodermal features. Comparative genomic hybridization evidence for a mesothelioma subgroup.

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Institute of Pathology, Professional Associations' Clinic Bergmannsheil Bochum, University Clinic, Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz 1, D-44789 Bochum, Germany.


Malignant mesotheliomas are tumors known for their extensive heterogeneity. Apart from the three classical patterns, predominantly epithelioid, sarcomatoid, and biphasic, some rare variants do exist. In some cases, one can find uncommon additional mesodermal tumor components. These tumors have previously been called "mesodermomas" and, like regular mesotheliomas, are usually associated with a previous asbestos exposure. We examined eight cases of mesodermomas by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Besides biphasic and epithelioid areas, unusual epithelial, chondroid, osseous, or even angioblastic elements may be found to varying degrees. Immunohistochemical analysis shows similar staining results as with regular mesotheliomas. CGH reveals a high number of chromosomal imbalances (16.5 per case; range, 11-27). In 10 classical biphasic mesotheliomas that served as a control, defects of comparable number and severity could not be detected (8 per case; range, 2-16). The most frequent defects of mesodermomas (losses on 1p, 4pq, 9p, 13q, 14q, and gains on 1q and 15q), however, could also be found in mesotheliomas of the classical type. Thus, our results support the classification of the so-called mesodermomas as a separate tumor subgroup while maintaining the relationship to the classical mesotheliomas. Therefore, we propose to use the term mesodermoma for this subgroup.

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