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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan;86(1):450-3.

Insulin inhibits NFkappaB and MCP-1 expression in human aortic endothelial cells.

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Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, State University of New York at Buffalo and Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York 14209, USA.


In view of our recent demonstration that insulin inhibits the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the fact that ICAM-1 expression is known to be modulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB), we have now investigated whether insulin inhibits intranuclear NFkappaB binding activity. We have also investigated whether insulin inhibits the pro-inflammatory chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), which attracts leucocytes to the inflamed sites and is also regulated by NFkappaB. Insulin was incubated with cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) at 0, 100 and 1000 microU/mL. Intranuclear NFkappaB binding activity was suppressed by approximately 45% at 100 microU/mL and by 60% at 1000 microU/mL (p < 0.05). MCP-1 mRNA expression was also suppressed by 47% at 100 microU/mL and by 79% at 1000 microU/mL (p < 0.05). We conclude that insulin at physiologically relevant concentrations exerts an inhibitory effect on the cardinal pro-inflammatory transcription factor NFkappaB and the pro-inflammatory chemokine MCP-1; these effects suggest an anti-inflammatory and potential anti-atherogenic effects of insulin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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