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Nat Cell Biol. 2001 Mar;3(3):235-44.

Role of actin polymerization and actin cables in actin-patch movement in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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Department of Microbiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 701 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Factors that are involved in actin polymerization, such as the Arp2/3 complex, have been found to be packaged into discrete, motile, actin-rich foci. Here we investigate the mechanism of actin-patch motility in S. pombe using a fusion of green fluorescent protein (GFP) to a coronin homologue, Crn1p. Actin patches are associated with cables and move with rates of 0.32 microm s(-1) primarily in an undirected manner at cell tips and also in a directed manner along actin cables, often away from cell tips. Patches move more slowly or stop when actin polymerization is attenuated by Latrunculin A or in arp3 and cdc3 (profilin) mutants. In a cdc8 (tropomyosin) mutant, actin cables are absent, and patches move with similar speed but in a non-directed manner. Patches are sites of Arp3-dependent F-actin polymerization in vitro. Rapid F-actin turnover rates in vivo indicate that patches and cables are maintained continuously by actin polymerization. Our studies give rise to a model in which actin patches are centres for actin polymerization that drive their own movement on actin cables using Arp2/3-based actin polymerization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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