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Eur J Biochem. 2001 Mar;268(5):1280-8.

Overexpression of the Golgi-localized enzyme alpha-mannosidase IIx in Chinese hamster ovary cells results in the conversion of hexamannosyl-N-acetylchitobiose to tetramannosyl-N-acetylchitobiose in the N-glycan-processing pathway.

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Glycobiology Program, The Burnham Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Golgi alpha-mannosidase II is an enzyme that processes the intermediate oligosaccharide Gn(1)M(5)Gn(2) to Gn(1)M(3)Gn(2) during biosynthesis of N-glycans. Previously, we isolated a cDNA encoding a protein homologous to alpha-mannosidase II and designated it alpha-mannosidase IIx. Here, we show by immunocytochemistry that alpha-mannosidase IIx resides in the Golgi in HeLa cells. When coexpressed with alpha-mannosidase II, alpha-mannosidase IIx colocalizes with alpha-mannosidase II in COS cells. A protein A fusion of the catalytic domain of alpha-mannosidase IIx hydrolyzes a synthetic substrate, 4-umbelliferyl-alpha-D-mannoside, and this activity is inhibited by swainsonine. [(3)H]glucosamine-labeled Chinese hamster ovary cells overexpressing alpha-mannosidase IIx show a reduction of M(6)Gn(2) and an accumulation of M(4)Gn(2). Structural analysis identified M(4)Gn(2) to be Man alpha 1-->6(Man alpha 1-->2Man alpha 1-->3)Man beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->4GlcNAc. The results suggest that alpha-mannosidase IIx hydrolyzes two peripheral Man alpha 1-->6 and Man alpha 1-->3 residues from [(Man alpha 1-->6)(Man alpha 1-->3)Man alpha 1-->6](Man alpha 1-->2Man alpha 1-->3)Man beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->4GlcNAc, during N-glycan processing.

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