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Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 1999 Jan;2(1):111-25, vi-vii.

Psittacine nutrition.

Author information

1
Roudybush, Inc., Sacramento, California, USA.

Abstract

Nutrition is defined as it relates to deficiencies, toxicities, and physiological states in birds. Levels of some nutrient requirements are given along with signs of deficiency. Signs of toxicity and the levels of nutrients required to produce them are discussed for energy, calcium, and protein. Behavioral aspects of nutrition in weaning, obesity, and dietary changes are characterized. The role of nutrition in diseases such as infection, hemochromatosis, achromatosis, gout, liver disease, and kidney disease are discussed.

PMID:
11228687
DOI:
10.1016/s1094-9194(17)30142-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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