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Cancer Gene Ther. 2000 Dec;7(12):1575-80.

An improved intravesical model using human bladder cancer cell lines to optimize gene and other therapies.

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'Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Orthotopic implantation of human bladder cancer cells into immunodeficient mice is an important tool for studying the biology and effects of therapy. Nevertheless, the incidence of tumor implantation and growth by transurethral instillation of the human bladder cancer cells into murine bladders has been low or not reproducible. However, using a modified intravesical technique and the human bladder cancer cell lines, KU-7 and UM-UC-2, we have been able to obtain a high and reproducible incidence of superficial bladder tumors. Furthermore, intravesical administration of the LacZ adenovirus vector resulted in significant beta-galactosidase expression in these bladder tumors as well as the normal urothelium, which was associated with the removal of the glycosoaminoglycan layer. Because this modified technique produces a high incidence of superficial human tumor growth and allows the efficacy of gene transfer to be evaluated, it should be a useful model for the study of intravesical gene therapy for human bladder cancer.

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