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Vaccine. 2001 Feb 28;19(15-16):1940-50.

Protection against Bordetella pertussis infection following parenteral or oral immunization with antigens entrapped in biodegradable particles: effect of formulation and route of immunization on induction of Th1 and Th2 cells.

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Infection and Immunity Group, Institute of Immunology, Department of Biology, National University of Ireland, Co. Kildare, Maynooth, Ireland.


The immunogenicity and protective efficacy of systemically and orally delivered pertussis antigens entrapped in either microparticle poly-lactide-co-glycolide (PLG) or nanoparticle PLG formulations were evaluated in a murine respiratory challenge model for infection with Bordetella pertussis. The results demonstrate that immunization with two parenteral doses of 1 microg or three oral doses of 100 microg of pertussis toxoid (PTd) and filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) encapsulated in PLG conferred a high level of protection against B. pertussis challenge. Furthermore protection could be generated with a single parenteral immunization with a combined microparticle and nanoparticle formulation. However, the route of immunization and the size of the particles affected the type of T cell response induced. Parenteral immunization with PTd and FHA entrapped in PLG microparticles elicits a potent type 1 T cell response and potent antibody response when given by the intraperitoneal (i.p.) or intramuscular (i.m.) route. In contrast, nanoparticle formulations favoured the induction of Th2 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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