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Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2000 Dec;3(4):243-67.

The efficacy, safety, and practicality of treatments for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina 29206, USA. SMITHBRAD@SC.EDU


Studies examining interventions for adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were reviewed to evaluate their efficacy. These efficacy findings were supplemented with a preliminary system for judging safety and practicality. Results suggest that the stimulant drug methylphenidate (MPH) is safe and well-established empirically, but has some problems with inconvenience and noncompliance. Preliminary research supports the efficacy, safety, and practicality of some psychotherapeutic interventions, including behavioral classroom interventions, note-taking training, and family therapy. Treatment with tricyclic antidepressants was judged to have minimal empirical support and debatable safety. Very little is known about long-term effectiveness of treatments, long-term compliance, or multimodal treatments for adolescents such as stimulants plus behavior therapy.

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