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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Feb;33(2):291-7.

Monitoring the lactate threshold in world-ranked swimmers.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra ACT 2616, Australia. david.pyne@ausport.gov.au

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether lactate profiling could detect changes in discrete aspects of endurance fitness in world-ranked swimmers during a season.

METHODS:

Eight male and four female Australian National Team swimmers aged 20--27 yr undertook a 7 x 200-m incremental swimming step test on four occasions over an 8-month period before the 1998 Commonwealth Games (CG): January (10 d before the World Championships), May (early-season camp), July (midseason), and August (16 d before the CG). The lactate threshold (LT) was determined by a mathematical formula that calculated the threshold as a function of the slope and y-intercept of the lactate-velocity curve.

RESULTS:

Maximal 200-m test time declined initially from 127.7 +/- 4.2 s (January 1998) to 130.2 +/- 4.5 s (May 1998) and 129.1 +/- 4.3 s (July 1998) before improving to 126.8 +/- 4.2 s (August 1998) (P < 0.005). The swimming velocity at LT (s.100 m(-)1) also declined midseason before improving before the CG (P < 0.02) (January 1998: 70.5 +/- 2.1; May 1998: 72.0 +/- 2.2; July 1998: 72.2 +/- 2.2; and August 1998: 70.8 +/- 2.1). The blood lactate concentration at the LT decreased (P < 0.02) from 3.6 +/- 0.2 mM to 3.2 +/- 0.1 mM and 2.9 +/- 0.2 mM before returning to 3.4 +/- 0.2 mM for January, May, July, and August, respectively. The lactate tolerance rating (LT(5--10)), defined as the differential velocity between lactate concentrations of 5.0 and 10.0 mM, declined midway through the season (P < 0.015): 6.6 +/- 0.5 s.100 m(-1), 7.7 +/- 0.5 s.100 m(-1), 8.5 +/- 0.5 s.100 m(-1), and 6.9 +/- 0.4 s.100 m(-1), for January, May, July, and August, respectively. Despite these improvements in indicators of fitness, there was no significant improvement in competition performance across the season.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maximal effort 200-m time, lactate tolerance rating, and swimming velocity at LT (s.100 m(-1)) all improved in world-ranked swimmers with training, but these changes were not directly associated with competition performance.

PMID:
11224820
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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