Send to

Choose Destination
Gene Ther. 2000 Dec;7(24):2071-9.

Combination therapy of malignant glioma cells with 2-5A-antisense telomerase RNA and recombinant adenovirus p53.

Author information

The Center for Surgery Research, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.


Malignant gliomas of astrocytic origin have commonly expressed several features such as alterations in the tumor-suppressor gene p53 or p16 or the acquisition of telomerase activity, which are distinctive from astrocytes. Therefore, restoration of the tumor-suppressor gene or telomerase inhibition is expected to provide a cure for malignant gliomas. We have recently demonstrated that the treatment with a 19-mer antisense oligonucleotide against human telomerase RNA linked to a 2',5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A-anti-hTR) inhibited the growth of malignant glioma cells. From a therapeutic point of view, it is very important to investigate the antitumor efficacy of 2-5A-anti-hTR combined with the restoration of p53 or p16 gene. In this study, we evaluated the antitumor effect of 2-5A-anti-hTR in combination with recombinant adenoviruses bearing p53, its associated p21WAF1/CIP1, or p16CDKN2 gene (Ad5CMV-p53, Ad5CMV-p21, or Ad5CMV-p16) against malignant glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. Five malignant glioma cell lines expressing the mutant p53 gene (A172, GB-1, T98G, U251-MG and U373-MG) were more sensitive to the combination of 2-5A-anti-hTR and Ad5CMV-p53 than to other combinations. The additive effect of the combination therapy was due to induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis and cell growth arrest. Furthermore, the 2-5A-anti-hTR treatment when combined with Ad5CMV-p53 showed greater efficacy against subcutaneous U251-MG tumors in nude mice. In contrast, U87-MG cells expressing the wild-type p53 gene were insensitive to Ad5CMV-p53, although the treatment with 2-5A-anti-hTR was significantly effective. These results indicate that combining 2-5A-anti-hTR with Ad5CMV-p53 has the most therapeutic potential for malignant gliomas with mutant p53. For tumors exhibiting wild-type p53, it may be useful to treat with 2-5A-anti-hTR. Gene Therapy (2000) 7, 2071-2079.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center