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Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 2000 Dec;45(4):156-65.

Involvement of adipokinetic hormone in the homeostatic control of hemolymph trehalose concentration in the larvae of Bombyx mori.

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Division of Life Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.


Prior to wandering, 5th instar larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, maintain constant hemolymph titers of trehalose. Head ligation of day 3, 5th instar larvae significantly decreased the hemolymph trehalose concentrations, but the concentrations did not decrease in starved larvae. After being diluted by replacement of larval hemolymph with insect Ringer's solution, the trehalose concentrations recovered the initial levels in 90 min in the non-ligated larvae, while they were not restored in 90 min in the neck-ligated larvae. These results suggest that a head factor(s) with hypertrehalosemic activity is involved in the homeostatic control of hemolymph trehalose concentration. When adipokinetic hormone (AKH) was injected into neck-ligated larvae, the trehalose concentrations increased in 2 h and decreased thereafter. Repeated injections of AKH every 4 h maintained the concentrations for 12 h. These findings suggest that AKH induces a hypertrehalosemic response and is involved in the homeostasis of hemolymph trehalose concentration in the larval feeding period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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