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J Immunol Methods. 2001 Feb 1;248(1-2):77-90.

Development and applications of surface-linked single chain antibodies against T-cell antigens.

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The Ben May Institute for Cancer Research, Dept. of Pathology and Committee on Immunology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA


In this report the use of surface-linkage to expand the potential experimental and therapeutic applications of single chain antibody (scFv) constructs is reviewed. A strategy for the generation and functional characterization of surface-linked scFvs that bind selectively to the T-cell proteins CD3epsilon, CD28, and CD152 (CTLA-4) is described in detail. Experimental examples are provided of the use of these constructs to study the positive and negative regulation of T-cell activation and to manipulate the in vivo immunogenicity of tumor cells. In addition, a novel system for Simultaneous T-cell Activation and Retroviral Transduction (START) is described in which retroviral packaging cells are rendered mitogenic for T lymphocytes by combined expression of surface-linked scFvs. Finally, the use of random mutagenesis and yeast surface display to increase the affinity and functional efficacy of scFv constructs is demonstrated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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