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Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi. 2001;43(1):39-43.

[A case of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria combined with focal segmental glomerular sclerosis].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.


A 81-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of edema and massive proteinuria on September 26, 1995. On admission, the palpebral conjuctiva were slightly anemic, and edema of the eyelids and legs was observed. Laboratory findings were as follows, urine protein(3+), occult blood(3+), WBC 2,600/microliter, Hgb 10.0 g/dl, reticulocytes 20@1000, TP 5.0 g/dl, Alb 2.7 g/dl, T-Cho 376 mg/dl, TG 194 mg/dl, LDH 763 U/l, haptoglobin < 93 mg/dl, Ham's test(+), sugar water test(+), and indirect coombs (+). The erythrocytes of this patient showed a negative population consisting of double negative erythrocytes evaluated by flow cytometric two-color analysis using monoclonal antibodies specific to CD55 and CD59. From these findings, the diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) was made. The patient showed nephrotic syndrome and a renal biopsy was performed. The histological findings of renal biopsy showed focal and segmental sclerosis and adhesion of glomerular tufts. Interstitial fibrosis with atrophic tubules and lymphocyte infiltration were also observed. There was no specific staining of immunoglobulins and complement by immunofluorescence. The diagnosis of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis(FSGS) was made. There have been only three case reports of glomerular disease in patients with PNH, such as purpura nephritis, IgA nephropathy and membranous nephropathy. The complication of FSGS and PNH is every rare and there has been no report of FSGS in a case with PNH. The onset of PNH resulted from the loss of CD55 and CD59, which was critical in the onset of FSGS in the present case.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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