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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2001 Jan;36(1):92-6.

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth versus antimicrobial capacity in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

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1
Dept of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China. changcs@vghtc.vghtc.gov.tw

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious infection in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Both defects in the host defense mechanisms and the enhancement of the offensive factor (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)) may contribute to the development of SBP. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of SIBO versus various antimicrobial capacities in the pathogenesis of SBP in cirrhotic patients.

METHODS:

Forty-five cirrhotic patients were enrolled in this study. Bacterial overgrowth was evaluated by breath hydrogen test (BH2T). The hepatic reticuloendothelial system phagocytic index (HRESPI) was measured by intravenously injected colloid suspensions.

RESULTS:

The Child-Pugh scores in the SBP group were higher than in the non-SBP group (10.5 +/- 2.0 versus 8.0 +/- 1.8, P < 0.01). The ascitic protein concentration was significantly lower in the SBP group than in the non-SBP group (897 +/- 425 mg/l versus 1,325 +/- 453 mg/l, P < 0.01). Furthermore, the serum C3 concentration was lower in the SBP group than in the non-SBP group (43.1 +/- 13.6 ng/dl versus 73.2 +/- 26.4 ng/dl, P < 0.01). The serum C4 concentration was also lower in the SBP group than in the non-SBP group (12.4 +/- 4.0 ng/dl versus 16.9 +/- 6.6 ng/dl, P < 0.05). The incidence of SIBO was higher in the SBP group than in the non-SBP group (68.2% versus 17.4%, P < 0.01). HRESPI values were significantly higher in the two groups of cirrhotic patients than in the normal reference. However, there were no statistical differences in HRESPI between the two groups (8.4 +/- 2.8 min in the SBP group versus 7.9 +/- 2.8 min in the non-SBP group).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study showed that the hepatic reticuloendothelial function is impaired in cirrhotic patients, but the degree of impairment does not differ between patients with and without previous history of SBP. Lower ascitic total protein, lower serum C3 and C4 concentrations, and presence of SIBO are all risk factors for SBP. Based on the results of our study, defects in the host defense mechanisms and the enhancement of the offensive factor (SIBO) may act in concert for the development of SBP.

PMID:
11218245
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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