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Surg Clin North Am. 2001 Feb;81(1):159-68, ix.

Crohn's disease of the colon.

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Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA.


The surgical treatment of Crohn's disease of the colon is distinct from that used in treating ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease often involves the small bowel and is not "cured" by colorectal resection. The popular ileo-anal pouch procedures used in the management of ulcerative colitis generally are not used for the treatment of Crohn's colitis, because of higher complication rates. Commonly performed operations include ileostomy, segmental colon resection, subtotal colectomy, and proctocolectomy. The general surgeon, therefore, is provided with many options when faced with complications of Crohn's colitis. This article examines the attributes of and results reported for each of these options.

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