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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Feb;37(2):485-91.

Interaction between chemokines and oxidative stress: possible pathogenic role in acute coronary syndromes.

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Section of Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Research Institute for Internal Medicine, Rikshopitalet, Norway. pal.aukrust@rikshospitalet



We sought to study the relationships between chemokines and oxidative stress in acute coronary syndrome.


In view of existing knowledge on the participation of leukocytes and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome, we hypothesized that chemokines may play a role in recruiting and activating leukocytes in this disorder.


The levels of chemokines and oxidative stress were studied in 38 patients with stable and 38 with unstable angina and in 20 controls. In separate in vitro experiments the effect of chemokines on reactive oxygen species in monocytes and the effect of antioxidants on chemokine levels in these cells were also studied.


1) Angina patients had raised serum levels of chemokines in both cross-sectional and longitudinal testing, with particularly high levels of interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and macrophage inflammatory peptide (MIP)-1-alpha in unstable disease. 2) T cells, and particularly monocytes, seem to contribute to the raised IL-8, MCP-1 and MIP-1-alpha levels in unstable angina. 3) Concomitantly, and significantly correlated with MCP-1 and IL-8 levels, stable and particularly unstable angina patients had decreased plasma levels of antioxidants and increased lipid peroxidation, suggesting enhanced oxidative stress. 4) Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 enhanced the generation of O2- in monocytes from unstable angina patients, and the antioxidant glutathione-monoethyl ester suppressed the production of IL-8 and MCP-1 in these cells.


Our findings suggest an interaction between chemokines and oxidative stress in unstable angina. This interaction may represent a vicious circle involved in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes.

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