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J Hum Virol. 2001 Jan-Feb;4(1):8-15.

The tripeptide glycyl-prolyl-glycine amide does not affect the early steps of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication.

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Division of Clinical Virology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.



To determine whether the peptide glycyl-prolyl-glycine amide (GPG-NH2) corresponding to a conserved motif in the tip of the third hypervariable region of gp120 affected the early events in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication.


Glycyl-prolyl-glycine amide was tested for its effect on HIV-1 adsorption, co-receptor usage, proviral DNA synthesis, messenger RNA (mRNA) synthesis and splicing, translation, tat/TAR transactivation, and virus protease activity.


Glycyl-prolyl-glycine amide did not appear to affect the early events of the virus replication. HIV-1 having glycine-leucine-glycine instead of GPG in the V3 loop and the mutants deleted of the GPG motif were still inhibited by the peptide. Glycyl-prolyl-glycine-NH2 had no discernible effect on any of the other steps in the virus replication cycle tested. The only effect observed was an increased sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide amide gel electrophoresis mobility of gp160/120 at high concentrations of GPG-NH2.


The tripeptide GPG-NH2 is a nontoxic compound that inhibits the replication of HIV-1 by an apparently new mode of action.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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