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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2000 Winter;2(4):681-5.

Serum 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-modified albumin is elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Pathology and Biology of Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is one of the major lipid peroxidation products with cytotoxic and mutagenic activity. It further reacts with protein residues such as histidine to generate stable Michael adducts. To evaluate the status of oxidative stress in the serum of type 2 diabetes mellitus, we constructed a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure serum HNE-modified albumin by the use of a specific monoclonal antibody (HNEJ-2) against HNE-histidine adducts as well as an antibody against human serum albumin. Serum of type 2 diabetes outpatients revealed significantly higher levels of HNE-modified albumin (736.1 +/- 34.2 pmol/ml, n = 54) than the matched nondiabetics (611.4 +/- 39.1 pmol/ml, n = 30; means +/- SEM; p = 0.018). However, no significant correlation was observed in diabetic outpatients between the levels of HNE-modified albumin and clinical parameters such as fasted blood glucose, HbA1c, diabetes duration, or complications. Our data demonstrated the increased formation of serum HNE-modified albumin in type 2 diabetic outpatients in the milieu between liver and vascular lumina, indicating the presence of oxidative stress.

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