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Life Sci. 2001 Jan 12;68(8):873-80.

Modulation of serotonin transporter function by interleukin-4.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Würzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Serotonin (5-HT) is an important mediator of interactions between the nervous and immune systems. 5-HT signaling is regulated by the 5-HT transporter (5-HTT), which determines the magnitude and duration of serotonergic responses. Due to this important role, regulation of the 5-HTT by cytokines has been the focus of recent interest. A number of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma, have been shown to upregulate the 5-HTT. In the present study we investigated the influence of interleukin-4 (IL-4), which acts as an anti-inflammatory cytokine in the central nervous system, on the 5-HTT. As a model system we used immortalized B lymphocytes, which not only express the 5-HTT, but also allow testing the co-modulatory influence of a recently described polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene promoter (5-HTTLPR) that is associated with anxiety- and depression-related behavioral traits. The results show that IL-4 induces a dose-dependent reduction of 5-HT uptake. This effect is preferentially seen in cell lines homozygous for the long, high-activity allele of the 5-HTTLPR. In conclusion, a picture of differential modulation of the 5-HTT by proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines is emerging, which may represent a fine-tuned mechanism to communicate the state of an immune response to the central nervous system.

PMID:
11213357
DOI:
10.1016/s0024-3205(00)00992-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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