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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2001 Feb;280(2):F291-302.

Regulation of MAP kinase by calcium-sensing receptor in bovine parathyroid and CaR-transfected HEK293 cells.

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Endocrine-Hypertension Division and Membrane Biology Program, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Regulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) pathway by the extracellular calcium (Ca2+o)-sensing receptor (CaR) was investigated in bovine parathyroid and CaR-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEKCaR) cells. Elevating Ca2+o or adding the selective CaR activator NPS R-467 elicited rapid, dose-dependent phosphorylation of ERK1/2. These phosphorylations were attenuated by pretreatment with pertussis toxin (PTX) or by treatment with the phosphotyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors genistein and herbimycin, the phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) inhibitor U-73122, or the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X and were enhanced by the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Combined treatment with PTX and inhibitors of both PKC and PTK nearly abolished high Ca2+o-evoked ERK1/2 activation in HEKCaR cells, demonstrating CaR-mediated coupling via both Gq and G(i). High Ca2+o increased serine phosphorylation of the 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in both parathyroid and HEKCaR cells. The selective mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor PD98059 abolished high-Ca2+o)-induced ERK1/2 activation and reduced cPLA2 phosphorylation in both cell types, documenting MAPK's role in cPLA2 activation. Thus our data suggest that the CaR activates MAPK through PKC, presumably through Gq/11-mediated activation of PI-PLC, as well as through G(i)- and PTK-dependent pathway(s) in bovine parathyroid and HEKCaR cells and indicate the importance of MAPK in cPLA2 activation.

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