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Pediatr Dermatol. 2001 Jan-Feb;18(1):38-40.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis after the use of high-dose cytosine arabinoside.

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Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey.


We report a fatal case of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) resulting from a high dose of cytosine arabinoside (ARA-C). A 13-year-old girl with acute lymphocytic leukemia was treated according to the protocol of the BFM Group (BFM-95, HRG). On the fifth day after administration of a high dose of ARA-C (2 g/m2 intravenously every 12 hours), she developed bullous lesions on the hands and soles that disseminated, evolving to necrosis, sepsis, and death on the 22nd day. ARA-C is frequently associated with dermatologic toxicity, but this is only the second case of toxic epidermal necrolysis described in connection with this drug.

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