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Cell Microbiol. 2000 Feb;2(1):19-33.

CD44 binds to the Shigella IpaB protein and participates in bacterial invasion of epithelial cells.

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Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, INSERM U389, Paris, France.


Shigella entry into epithelial cells is characterized by a transient reorganization of the host cell cytoskeleton at the site of bacterial interaction with the cell membrane, which leads to bacterial engulfment in a macropinocytic process. Using affinity chromatography on HeLa cell extracts, we show here that the hyaluronan receptor CD44 associates with IpaB, a Shigella protein that is secreted upon cell contact. Overlay and solid-phase assays indicated that IpaB binds directly to the extracellular domain of CD44; binding is saturable and inhibitable, with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 175 nM. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that IpaB associates with CD44 during Shigella entry. CD44 is recruited at bacterial entry sites and localizes at the plasma membrane of cellular extensions induced by Shigella. Pretreatment of cells with an anti-CD44 monoclonal antibody resulted in inhibition of Shigella-induced cytoskeletal reorganization, as well as inhibition of bacterial entry, whereas transfection of CD44 in cells that are deficient for CD44 results in increased bacterial binding to cells and internalization. The IpaB-CD44 interaction appears to be required for Shigella invasion by initiating the early steps of the entry process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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