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Mol Cell Biochem. 2000 Dec;215(1-2):65-72.

Regulation of Na/K-ATPase beta1-subunit gene expression by ouabain and other hypertrophic stimuli in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes.

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Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo 43614-5804, USA.


Partial inhibition of Na/K-ATPase by ouabain causes hypertrophic growth and regulates several early and late response genes, including that of Na/K-ATPase alpha3 subunit, in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. The aim of this work was to determine whether ouabain and other hypertrophic stimuli affect Na/K-ATPase beta1 subunit gene expression. When myocytes were exposed to non-toxic concentrations of ouabain, ouabain increased beta1 subunit mRNA in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Like the alpha3 gene, beta1 mRNA was also regulated by several other well-known hypertrophic stimuli including phenylephrine, a phorbol ester, endothelin-1, and insulin-like growth factor, suggesting involvement of growth signals in regulation of beta1 expression. Ouabain failed to increase beta1 subunit mRNA in the presence of actinomycin D. Using a luciferase reporter gene that is directed by the 5'-flanking region of the beta1 subunit gene, transient transfection assay showed that ouabain augmented the expression of luciferase. These data support the proposition that ouabain regulates the beta1 subunit through a transcriptional mechanism. The effect of ouabain on beta1 subunit induction, like that on alpha3 repression, was dependent on extracellular Ca2+ and on calmodulin. Inhibitions of PKC, Ras, and MEK, however, had different quantitive effects on ouabain-induced regulations of beta1 and alpha3 subunits. The findings show that partial inhibition of Na/K-ATPase activates multiple signaling pathways that regulate growth-related genes, including those of two subunit isoforms of Na/K-ATPase, in a gene-specific manner.

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