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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2001 Jan;12(1):2-6.

Relatively benign clinical course in asymptomatic patients with brugada-type electrocardiogram without family history of sudden death.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Okayama University Medical School, Japan. shiho@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The incidence of sudden death or ventricular fibrillation (VF) in asymptomatic Brugada syndrome patients with a family history of sudden death is reported to be very high. However, there are few reports on the prognosis of asymptomatic Brugada syndrome patients without a family history of sudden death.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Eleven patients (all male; mean age 40.5 +/- 9.6 years, range 26 to 56) with asymptomatic Brugada-type ECG who had no family history of sudden death were evaluated. The degrees of ST segment elevation and conduction delay on signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) before and after pilsicainide were evaluated in all 11 patients. VF inducibility by ventricular electrical stimulation also was evaluated in 8 of 11 patients. Patients were followed for a period of 9 to 84 months (mean 42.5 +/- 21.6). The J point level was increased (V1: 0.19 +/- 0.09 mV to 0.36 +/- 0.23 mV; V2: 0.31 +/- 0.12 mV to 0.67 +/- 0.35 mV) by pilsicainide. Conduction delay was increased (total QRS: 112.2 +/- 6.3 msec to 131.7 +/- 6.3 msec; under 40 microV: 42.0 +/- 8.5 msec to 52.7 +/- 12.7 msec; last 40 msec: 17.4 +/- 5.9 microV to 10.4 +/- 6.1 microV) on SAECG by pilsicainide. VF was induced in only 1 of 8 patients. None of the patients had syncope or sudden death during a mean follow-up of 42.5 +/- 21.6 months.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that asymptomatic patients with Brugada-type ECG who have no family history of sudden death have a relatively benign clinical course.

PMID:
11204079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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