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IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng. 2000 Dec;8(4):447-56.

Real-time EEG analysis with subject-specific spatial patterns for a brain-computer interface (BCI).

Author information

1
Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Austria. guger@dpmi.tu-graz.ac.at

Abstract

Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings during right and left motor imagery allow one to establish a new communication channel for, e.g., patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Such an EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI) can be used to develop a simple binary response for the control of a device. Three subjects participated in a series of on-line sessions to test if it is possible to use common spatial patterns to analyze EEG in real time in order to give feedback to the subjects. Furthermore, the classification accuracy that can be achieved after only three days of training was investigated. The patterns are estimated from a set of multichannel EEG data by the method of common spatial patterns and reflect the specific activation of cortical areas. By construction, common spatial patterns weight each electrode according to its importance to the discrimination task and suppress noise in individual channels by using correlations between neighboring electrodes. Experiments with three subjects resulted in an error rate of 2, 6 and 14% during on-line discrimination of left- and right-hand motor imagery after three days of training and make common spatial patterns a promising method for an EEG-based brain-computer interface.

PMID:
11204035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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