Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cranio. 2000 Jan;18(1):40-6.

Facial pain and temporomandibular disorders: an epidemiological study of the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort.

Author information

Dept. of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland, P.O. Box 5281, FIN-90401, Oulu, Finland.


Recent clinical studies have shown an association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and facial pain. The aim of this epidemiological study was to investigate the prevalence of facial pain and TMD, their relation to each other, and also their relation to previous traumas, occlusal factors and pain in other areas of the body. The study is a part of the Well-Being and Health Research of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 using questionnaires where data on facial pain, TMD symptoms, occlusal divergencies, traumas in the face and other pain areas of the body were registered. Data were obtained from 5696 subjects born in the year 1966 in northern Finland. Twelve percent of the men and 18% of the women had suffered from facial pain during the last year. The most often reported symptom of TMD was clicking of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) (21% in men, 28% in women), while prevalence of more severe symptoms was 13% or under. Facial pain was related to symptoms of TMD, as well as to traumas in the face or TMJs, distal occlusion and other pain areas (neck, shoulders, arms, lower back, jaws, tooth). The results suggest that facial pain is a usual symptom in adult population, and has an association with TMD, as well as with other musculoskeletal pain symptoms. Traumas to face and TMJs, certain occlusal factors and dental pathology may have a remarkable role in the etiology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center