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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2001 Jan;103(1):30-7.

Out-patient behaviour therapy in alcoholism: impact of personality disorders and cognitive impairments.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated whether alcoholic patients with comorbid personality disorders and those with cognitive impairments would benefit in a different way from different behaviour therapy strategies.

METHOD:

After detoxification, 120 alcoholics were assigned randomly to one of three out-patient treatment programmes comprising 'coping skills training', 'cognitive behaviour therapy' or unspecific supportive control therapy. Personality disorders and cognitive impairments were assessed at the beginning of the 6-month treatment period.

RESULTS:

The impact of concomitant personality disorders or cognitive impairments was generally only moderate and mainly independent from treatment condition. However, alcoholic patients relapsing within 6 months after detoxification showed a higher rate of personality disorders (especially antisocial and borderline) and slightly more cognitive deficits (especially in verbal memory and visuomotor functions) than abstainers even before therapy.

CONCLUSION:

The high amount of early relapses and drop-outs probably hindered larger differentiated treatment effects. Hypotheses will be retested in treatment completers using forthcoming follow-up data.

PMID:
11202126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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