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J Refract Surg. 2001 Jan-Feb;17(1):43-5.

Smoothness of ablation on acrylic by four different excimer lasers.

Author information

1
Cornea Department, Hospital de ClĂ­nicas Jose de San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

There are many different excimer laser devices available for photoablative refractive surgery. Smoothness of ablation may vary with different excimer lasers systems.

METHODS:

Ablations were performed on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) plates of 8 x 4 x 0.5 cm, with four different excimer lasers: VISX-Star, Coherent Schwind Keratom I/II, Chiron Technolas Keracor 117C (Plano Scan), and the Nidek EC-5000, to determine and compare the homogeneity and smoothness of the surface. Ten -3.00 D samples, ten -6.00 D samples, and ten -9.00 D samples were ablated with each laser. The PMMA discs were examined with optical microscopy, documented by photographs, and each sample was measured quantitatively using a Hommel-Werkel rugosimeter. We used the same PMMA material throughout.

RESULTS:

Statistically significant differences in smoothness were found between the Chiron Technolas 117C and the VISX-Star, Nidek and VISX-Star, and Coherent Schwind and VISX-Star in the homogeneities achieved by ablating -3.00 D. Ablations of -6.00 D resulted in homogeneities that were statistically significantly different: Chiron Technolas 117C with the other three devices, the Nidek EC-5000 with the VISX-Star, and the Coherent-Schwind with the VISX-Star. In the ablations for -9.00 D, statistically significant differences in homogeneity were found between the Chiron Technolas 117C and Nidek, between the Chiron and VISX-Star, between the Coherent Schwind and VISX-Star, and between the Nidek and VISX-Star. The laser with the scanning spot system was smoother.

CONCLUSION:

Scanning spot technology produced smooth ablations even up to -9.00 D.

PMID:
11201776
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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