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Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2001 Jan-Feb;4(1):23-31.

Comparative immunohistochemical study of insulin-like growth factor II and insulin-like growth factor receptor type 1 in pediatric brain tumors.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University, OH 44106, USA.


Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II is an important growth factor in development of the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate expression of IGF-II and IGF receptor type 1 (IGFR1) in various pediatric brain tumors. Immunohistochemistry for IGF-II and IGFR1 was performed on 15 choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) including 1 atypical CPP, 2 choroid plexus carcinomas (CPCs), 5 anaplastic ependymomas, 7 nonanaplastic ependymomas (simply referred to as "ependymoma"), 5 medulloblastomas, 1 cerebral neuroblastoma, and 1 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) along with 10 non-neoplastic choroid plexus and 3 non-neoplastic ependymal linings. All non-neoplastic choroid plexus, CPPs, CPCs, anaplastic ependymomas, ATRT, 71% of ependymomas, and 67% of non-neoplastic ependymal linings showed cytoplasmic positivity for IGF-II, whereas all medulloblastomas and the cerebral neuroblastoma were negative for IGF-II. In addition to cytoplasmic positivity for IGFR1, membranous positivity was observed in 73% of CPPs, both CPCs, the ATRT, 22% of non-neoplastic choroid plexus, 80% of anaplastic ependymomas, and 29% of ependymomas, but not in any medulloblastoma, cerebral neuroblastoma, or non-neoplastic ependymal lining. IGF-II and IGFR1 may play roles in the pathogeneses of CPP, CPC, anaplastic ependymoma, ependymoma, and ATRT. Immunohistochemical testing for IGF-II and IGFR1 may be useful in differentiating ATRT, CPC, and anaplastic ependymoma from medulloblastoma and cerebral neuroblastoma.

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