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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2000 Dec;18(10):493-5.

[Varicella pneumonia in the adult: study of 22 cases].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital de Cruces, Bilbao.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Retrospective study of the varicella pneumonia in adults with clinical, therapeutic and evolutive features in 22 patients in the last 5 years.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The diagnosis was established by clinical and radiologic criteria in the course of varicella infection. The antecedents of pregnancy, smoking habit, previous contact with patients with varicella and underlying disease were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two patients (14 males and 8 women: mean age 31 years. range: 22-40) were included in the study. None of them were immunocompromised, 16 (72.7%) have had previous contact with varicella patients. 19 (86.3%) were heavy smokers and none of the female patients was pregnant. All patients had fever and exanthem, cough had 20 (90.9%) dyspnea 16 (72.7%), chest pain 9 (40.9%) and hemoptysis 5 (22.7%). Only two patients showed pO2 < 60 mmHg. Chest X-ray revealed an interstitial pattern in 14 cases (63.3%), and micronodular in 8 (36.3%). All patients received treatment with intravenous acyclovir. Three patients (13.6%) were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit due to respiratory insufficiency, needing mechanical ventilation one of them (4.5%). Another three developed failure renal reversible associated with acyclovir. All patients had a favourable clinical course.

CONCLUSIONS:

We believe, that early, aggressive use of intravenous acyclovir in adult varicella pneumonia may be lifesaving, preventing progressive respiratory failure and reducing the high mortality rate of the disease. Therapy with corticosteroids should be considered in addition to antiviral therapy in patients with severe varicella pneumonia. While oral acyclovir chemoprophylaxis is probably beneficial in populations with chicken pox.

PMID:
11197998
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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