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Phys Med Biol. 2001 Jan;46(1):41-62.

Non-invasive and quantitative near-infrared haemoglobin spectrometry in the piglet brain during hypoxic stress, using a frequency-domain multidistance instrument.

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University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine in Philadelphia, USA.


The frequency-domain multiple-distance (FDMD) method is capable of measuring the absolute absorption and reduced scattering coefficients of optically turbid media. Absolute measurement of absorption at two near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths makes possible the quantitation of tissue haemoglobin concentration and tissue haemoglobin oxygen-saturation (StO2). However, errors are introduced by the uncertainties of background absorption and the dissimilarities between real tissues and the simplified mathematical model on which these measurements are based. An FDMD-based tissue instrument has been used for the monitoring of tissue haemoglobin concentration and oxygenation in the brain of newborn piglets during periods of hypoxia and hyperoxia. These tissue haemoglobin saturation values were compared with arterial saturation (SaO2) and venous saturation (SvO2) measured by blood gas analyses. A linear correlation was observed between StO2 and the average of SaO2 and SvO2. However, StO2 is not equal to any fixed weighted average of SaO2 and SvO2 unless we introduce an effective background tissue absorption. The magnitude of the background absorption was about 0.08 cm(-1) at 758 nm and 0.06 cm(-1) at 830 nm, and it was nearly consistent between piglets. The origin of this 'effective' background absorption may be real, an artefact caused by the application of a simplified model to a complex sample, or a combination of factors.

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