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T cell chemokine receptor expression in human Th1- and Th2-associated diseases.

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1
Department of Immunology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Abstract

The interaction between chemokines and their receptors is an important step in the control of leukocyte migration into sites of inflammation. Chemokines also mediate a variety of effects independent of chemotaxis, including induction and enhancement of Th1- and Th2-associated cytokine responses. Recent studies have shown that human Th1 and Th2 clones, activated under polarizing conditions with polyclonal stimuli in vitro, display distinct patterns of chemokine receptor expression: Th1 clones preferentially express CCR5 and CXCR3, while many Th2 clones express CCR4, CCR8 and, to a lesser extent, CCR3. These differential patterns of chemokine receptor expression suggest a mechanism for selective induction of migration and activation of Th1- and Th2-type cells during inflammation and, perhaps, normal immune homoeostasis. Studies have begun to examine T cell chemokine receptor expression in vivo to determine the relevance of these in vitro observations to human Th1- and Th2-associated diseases. In this review, we critically examine recent reports of T cell chemokine receptor expression in human autoimmune disorders (multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis) and atopic disorders (allergic rhinitis and asthma) which are believed to arise from inappropriate Th1- and Th2-dominated responses, respectively.

PMID:
11197598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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