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Nature. 2001 Jan 11;409(6817):219-23.

Projection structure of a ClC-type chloride channel at 6.5 A resolution.

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Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Basic Medical Science Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA.


Virtually all cells in all eukaryotic organisms express ion channels of the ClC type, the only known molecular family of chloride-ion-selective channels. The diversity of ClC channels highlights the multitude and range of functions served by gated chloride-ion conduction in biological membranes, such as controlling electrical excitability in skeletal muscle, maintaining systemic blood pressure, acidifying endosomal compartments, and regulating electrical responses of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-containing interneurons in the central nervous system. Previously, we expressed and purified a prokaryotic ClC channel homologue. Here we report the formation of two-dimensional crystals of this ClC channel protein reconstituted into phospholipid bilayer membranes. Cryo-electron microscopic analysis of these crystals yields a projection structure at 6.5 A resolution, which shows off-axis water-filled pores within the dimeric channel complex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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