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Nature. 2001 Jan 11;409(6817):219-23.

Projection structure of a ClC-type chloride channel at 6.5 A resolution.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Basic Medical Science Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA. jmindell@brandeis.edu

Abstract

Virtually all cells in all eukaryotic organisms express ion channels of the ClC type, the only known molecular family of chloride-ion-selective channels. The diversity of ClC channels highlights the multitude and range of functions served by gated chloride-ion conduction in biological membranes, such as controlling electrical excitability in skeletal muscle, maintaining systemic blood pressure, acidifying endosomal compartments, and regulating electrical responses of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-containing interneurons in the central nervous system. Previously, we expressed and purified a prokaryotic ClC channel homologue. Here we report the formation of two-dimensional crystals of this ClC channel protein reconstituted into phospholipid bilayer membranes. Cryo-electron microscopic analysis of these crystals yields a projection structure at 6.5 A resolution, which shows off-axis water-filled pores within the dimeric channel complex.

PMID:
11196649
DOI:
10.1038/35051631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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