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J Sch Health. 2000 Dec;70(10):413-6.

A meta-analysis examining effects of school sexuality education programs on adolescents' sexual knowledge, 1960-1997.

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1
School of Medicine, Wayne State University, 4100 John R. Road, Hudson-Webber Cancer Research Center, Fourth Floor, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. songe@karmanos.org

Abstract

This study analyzed and synthesized findings from selected studies conducted from 1960 through 1997 regarding effects of school sexuality education on adolescents' sexual knowledge. This purpose was achieved using meta-analysis. Sixty-seven studies that met the selection criteria were included in the meta-analysis. The 67 studies reported 72 outcomes regarding sexual knowledge, which were grouped into six independent variables related to knowledge about sexuality. A weighted effect size method developed by Hedges and Olkin was calculated using all studies. For all studies, 97% of weighted effect sizes were positive. The weighted average effect size on sexual knowledge across all studies of 0.41 was statistically significant, indicating a significant difference occurred between control and experimental groups' mastery of objectives related to sexual knowledge. It was concluded that sexuality education programs positively affect overall sexual knowledge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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