Send to

Choose Destination
J Soc Psychol. 2000 Dec;140(6):721-8.

Crowding effects of density and personal space requirements among older people: the impact of self-control and social support.

Author information

Department of Psychology, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, India.


The authors examined the effects of self-control and social support among a representative sample of 300 older people, 150 in high-density and 150 in low-density households in India. The Self-Control Schedule (M. Rosenbaum, 1980), the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance Test (M. Duke & S. Nowicki, 1972), the Social Support Questionnaire, and the Judgement of Environmental Quality Scale (I. G. Sarason, H. M. Levine, R. B. Basham, & B. R. Sarason, 1983) were the measures. A 2 x 2 x 2 (Density x Social Support x Self-Control) analysis of variance for perceptions of home environment and personal space requirements revealed that the Self-Control x Social Support interaction moderated the crowding effects of density: The participants in high-density households evaluated their home environments more positively and reduced their personal space requirements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center