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Classification of young children's sleep problems: a pilot study.

Author information

1
Family-Infant Development Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Davis, 2230 Stockton Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examines videotaped sleep in infancy in an attempt to predict the development of disturbed sleep during toddlerhood. In addition, a tentative classification scheme that quantifies night waking and sleep onset problems in young children is proposed.

METHOD:

The sleep patterns of 33 children were assessed at two points in time. At 12 months of age (time 1), sleep was videotaped on two consecutive nights. A self-soothing/signaling index for 12-month-olds was constructed. At time 2 (mean age = 39 months), a follow-up telephone interview assessed current sleep patterns and the presence or absence of sleep problems.

RESULTS:

The data suggest that the self-soothing/signaling index obtained at 12 months of age predicts night waking approximately 2 years later.

CONCLUSIONS:

The preliminary classification scheme for night waking and sleep onset problems in young children warrants further study. Night waking in toddlers might be predictable from sleep behaviors at 1 year of age.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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